Dietary meal plan for diabetes: Insulin is produced by the pancreas, as we all know. Insulin plays a crucial role in carbohydrate metabolism. It enables the entry of glucose into cells, where it is used to produce energy. This hormone is either secreted in very small quantities or not at all in diabetes, or it is secreted in moderate or even large amounts but in an ineffective form. You should also be aware that diabetes that is uncontrolled can be fatal. In spite of diabetes, it is possible to live a reasonably normal life with some treatment and a disciplined lifestyle. In the case of diabetes, it is important to connect symptoms and clinical results.
Diabetes can be managed with :
- Diet alone
- Diet plus oral hypoglycemic medications or
- Diet with insulin.
Diet is the key element for the diabetes care. The aims of this dietary plan for diabetes are to :
- Improve the patient’s overall health by achieving and preserving optimal nutrition.
- Achieve and maintain balanced body weight.
- Ensure that the child’s physical development is natural, as well as that the mother and baby receive sufficient nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.
- Keep blood glucose levels as similar to average as possible.
- diabetes complications such as cardiovascular, renal, retinal, and neurological complications may be avoided or delayed.
- To treat and avoid diabetes-related complications by making appropriate dietary changes.
The formulae below can be used to measure the recommended calorie intake based on a desired weight for a specific age, gender, and level of activity.
Sedentary worker : desirable weight (kg) × 30kcal
Moderate worker : desirable weight (kg) × 40kcal
Heavy worker : desirable weight (kg) × 50kcal
If anyone wishes to lose 1 kg in two weeks, they need to reduce their daily calorie consumption by 500 kcal for women and up by 250 kcal for men. They can also monitor their weight and make sure that the total daily energy expenditure remains at or doesn’t dip below 1200 kcal for women and at a total of 1500 kcal for men.
According to the guidelines for standardized hospitals diets laid down by Director General of Health Services (DGHS) are as follows :
|1200 kcal||1500 kcal||1800 kcal||2000 kcal||2500 kcal|
|Cereals & millets||125 g||175 g||225 g||225 g||350 g|
|Pulses & legumes||50 g||50 g||50 g||75 g||75 g|
|Milk & milk products||500 ml||500 ml||750 ml||750 ml||750 ml|
|Green vegetables||200 g||200 g||200 g||200 g||200 g|
|Other vegetables||200 g||200 g||200 g||200 g||200 g|
|Fruits||1 portion||1 portion||1 portion||1 portion||2 portion|
|Paneer/Egg||30 g./one||30 g./one||30 g./one||30 g./one||30g./one|
Foods to avoid :
In this dietary plan for diabetes, we have included some foods that you must take care of. They are:
- Soft drinks, all beverages except black coffee or tea without milk, are foods to avoid.
- Wine and alcoholic beverages
- Foods that have been fried
- Sugar, sugar, jams, candies, cookies, and pastries are all examples of sweets.
- Potatoes, colocasia, yam, mangoes, and bananas can be used as food substitutes in limited quantities.
You will be able to take your diabetes medicines if you make wise food choices. The secret to effective diabetes management is eating regularly and healthily.
Check out – ‘Fast Food & its Negative Impact on The Immune System‘